in A Series As We Approach Oklahoma's First Century As A State
(email questions/comments to firstname.lastname@example.org).
Ted Wright -- last update 11/27/2006 (OKCentennial3.html)
Copyright 2006 -- Collinsville, Oklahoma
I wish that I could explain
exactly how land was bought and sold by non-Indians prior to 1907 Oklahoma
Statehood in and around Collinsville.
Instead, the best I can offer is a somewhat random sample of land deals as
documented in these news articles. As far as I know there was not a "Land
Run" in this portion of the Cherokee Nation as in some other parts of
pre-statehood Oklahoma. The few abstracts I have viewed appear to begin with
land transactions as if they started at statehood (with a transfer from the
Cherokee Nation) even though many non-Indians "owned" (or at least
occupied) land here long before statehood.
I also wanted to note
that Oklahoma statehood had a significant impact on the Cherokee Nation's
sovereign authority. According to one Cherokee
history web site: 1905: "Land allotment begins after 'official' Dawes
Commission Roll taken of Cherokee citizens". There was no elected Cherokee
Chief from 1907 until 1971 but 7 individuals were appointed during those years.
At Statehood: "The United States attempts to dissolve Cherokee Nation
government, but it survived in a modified and restricted form."
-- Ted Wright (Newspaper
Museum In Collinsville) -- Nov. 26, 2006
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Was No "Land Run" In The Cherokee Nation
was in regards to the payment for Ridgelawn Cemetery which had been in use for
a few years already by the City of Collinsville.
two 1905 stories (above) give some flavor of issues with determining which roads
were "public" roads and which townsite lots had "sufficient improvement"
to retain ownership. The 1916 story (right) shows the advanced state of the
Cherokee Nation long before Oklahoma statehood.
Jan. 1907 article gives the relative populations of the tribes and non-Indians
in Indian Territory.
of the Cherokees in Indian Territory arrived in 1839 following the Trail of
1890 permit (reprinted in 1913) reflects a time when the non-Indian "intuders"
were a minority in the Indian Territory.